Gun Cleaning - What is the first step in cleaning a firearm?

We all know the joy of owning and using a firearm! But with great firepower comes great responsibility - and that includes cleaning. Not only does it keep your gun in tip-top shape, but it also prevents it from jamming and keeps your aim on target. So, what is the first step in cleaning a firearm? We're about to reveal this and other juicy details about gun maintenance.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

What is the first step in cleaning a firearm?

Cleaning the firearms should be as routine as brushing your teeth. But before you even think of getting your cleaning gear out, think about 'what is the first step in cleaning a firearm'.

A crucial first step in the cleaning process often overlooked is ensuring your firearm is unloaded. Remove the magazine (if applicable) and visually inspect the chamber to ensure no ammunition is present.

And when we say "ensure" we mean you need to check and double-check until you're absolutely certain there's no round in the chamber.

So, take it from us: check twice, clean once.

Why gun cleaning is a must-do

You've heard it before: cleanliness is next to godliness. But regarding firearms, it's not just a matter of being holy - it's a matter of safety and performance.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

A well-maintained firearm is a reliable firearm. Just like you protect your eyes and ears while shooting with TradeSmart's top-quality shooting ear protection and z87.1 safety glasses, you must also protect your firearms from dirt and debris to keep them in top shape.

While we're at shooting ear and eye protection, did you know TradeSmart offers a 10-year warranty on our safety products? We also have a no-minimum-purchase FREE SHIPPING! Check out our products and protect yourselves and your loved ones.

Neglecting to clean your gun can lead to dirt buildup, debris, and fouling that can cause malfunctions and potentially dangerous situations. Not only that, but a dirty firearm can also decrease accuracy and shorten the gun's lifespan. So, if you want to keep your firearm happy and healthy (and we know you do), make gun cleaning a regular part of your routine.

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Essential supplies for keeping your firearm in top shape

You can't clean a gun with just a toothbrush and a prayer. Sorry to burst your bubble! You'll need a quality gun cleaning kit to get the job done right. Here are some essential supplies for maintaining your firearm's functionality and appearance:

1. Cleaning solvents: The proper solvent can make all the difference in cleaning your firearm. Choose a solvent designed for your type of firearm to ensure maximum effectiveness.

2. Cleaning rods: Cleaning rods come in different lengths and materials. Choose a rod long enough to reach the full length of your firearm's barrel, made from a material that won't damage it.

3. Bore brushes: Bore brushes are used to clean the inside of your firearm's barrel. There is a wide variety of bore brushes to choose from, depending on the level of cleaning required.

4. Cleaning patches: These are used to apply cleaning solvent to the inside of your firearm's barrel. Choose a size that fits your bore, and use a high-quality cotton patch for maximum absorbency.

5. Lubricants: Lubricants keep your firearm running smoothly and prevent wear and tear on moving parts. Choose a high-quality lubricant that is specifically designed for firearms.

6. Microfiber cloths: Microfiber cloths are great for wiping down and polishing the exterior of your firearm without leaving any residue or lint.

7. Cleaning mat: You don't want to clean your gun on the kitchen table. It's worth investing in the proper tools to keep your firearm in top shape.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

Looking for a way tosafely transport your guns and all your cleaning equipment? We have a solution, and it's a high-quality one! TradeSmart's ergonomic tactical backpack is designed to keep not only your gun-cleaning supplies but also guns, ammo, safety gear, keys, wallet, and other valuable belongings secure with the help of three separate TSA locks. Thanks to its sturdy rucksack design, you can easily carry over 50 pounds of range bag essentials! Ready to give it a try?

How to clean a gun - A step-by-step guide

With these 5 simple steps, you'll have your firearm looking and performing like a champ in no time. But first, make sure it's unloaded.

Step #1 - Disassemble the gun

To properly clean your gun, you'll need to take it apart and clean each individual piece.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

But before you start randomly yanking things apart, consult your firearm's manual for instructions on how to disassemble it safely and correctly. Remember, each gun is different, and you want to avoid ending up with extra parts after you put it back together.

Take your time, and once you have it apart, use a soft-bristled brush and cleaning solution to remove any buildup from each piece. And don't forget to keep track of all those little parts - they have a way of disappearing when you're not looking!

Step #2 - Clean the barrel

The barrel is the most important part of your firearm. It's where all the magic happens, where the bullet goes on its journey to becoming a hole in a target. But, the barrel is also the most susceptible to fouling.

Cleaning the barrel is essential in gun maintenance, and you don't want to mess this up. To clean the barrel, first, make sure your firearm is unloaded (we can't stress this enough).

Next, grab a bore brush and some cleaning solvent. Run the bore brush through the barrel a few times, going in the same direction as the rifling. Let the solvent sit for a few minutes to break down any fouling. Then, use some patches to remove the solvent and any buildup. Keep going until the patches come out clean.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

There are a few different materials to consider when it comes to gun-cleaning brushes. Nylon brushes are perfect for lighter cleaning tasks, as the durable fibers can safely remove residue without breaking down in cleaning solutions.

For moderate cleaning, phosphor bronze brushes are the way to go - abrasive enough to remove gunk without damaging your firearm's finish. And for the toughest cleaning jobs, you'll want to reach for stainless steel rifle cleaning brushes, capable of removing caked-on powder residue and burn marks.

Once you're done cleaning, cotton swabs are an excellent choice for removing any remaining cleaning solution.

Step #3 - Remove debris from the frame

The frame is the foundation of the firearm. Unfortunately, it's also the part that attracts all kinds of unsavory debris like a magnet, faster than you can say "cleaning solvent". Dust, dirt, and grime can accumulate on your frame over time, making your gun look like it's been through a mud wrestling match.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

Don't worry just yet, as removing debris from the frame is a breeze! Simply grab a brush and some cleaning solvent and get to work scrubbing away that gunk. If you want to channel your inner OCD, use a toothbrush to get into those hard-to-reach nooks and crannies.

Step #4 - Lubricate the gun

Without proper lubrication, your gun is like a car with no oil - it'll run, but not for very long. So, when it comes to lubricating your gun, you want to ensure you're using a high-quality lubricant and applying it in all the right places.

First, don't overdo it on the lube - less is definitely more in this case. Too much lubricant can attract dust and debris, which can cause all sorts of problems down the road.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

As for where to apply the lubricant, that depends on your firearm. Generally speaking, you want to focus on moving parts like the slide rails, barrel, and trigger. A little bit of lubricant goes a long way in keeping these parts moving smoothly and preventing excess wear and tear.

Finally, make sure you're using a lubricant designed specifically for firearms. Don't try to cut corners by using something like WD-40 or motor oil - trust us, this is not a good idea. Stick with a good-quality gun lubricant, and your firearm will be happy and healthy for years to come.

Step #5 - Reassemble your gun and do a function check

The last step in cleaning a gun is to put the pieces back together...literally. Once you've scrubbed away the grime and applied some slick lubricant, it's time to reassemble your firearm. Follow the manufacturer's instructions to put it back together correctly - to avoid ending up with a few extra pieces after reassembling.

what is the first step in cleaning a firearm

And after you've successfully reassembled your firearm, it's time for the moment of truth: the function check. This is where you put your gun through its paces to ensure it works like a charm. Pull the trigger, work the slides, and ensure everything works as it should.

How often should you clean your gun?

To clean or not to clean? That is the question that plagues many gun owners. The answer isn't as simple as you might think. The frequency of your gun cleaning largely depends on how often you use your firearm and what kind of environment you're shooting in.

If you're a casual shooter who only hits the range every few weeks, you can probably get away with cleaning your gun every few hundred rounds. But if you're a regular shooter who logs hours at the range every week, you'll want to clean your weapon more frequently to keep it performing at its best.

In case you're shooting in dusty or dirty environments, like a desert or a range with poor ventilation, you'll want to clean your gun more frequently to prevent debris from building up and causing malfunctions.

In short, there's no hard and fast rule when it comes to gun cleaning frequency - it's up to you to assess your individual shooting habits and determine how often you need to break out the cleaning kit. So, get to know your gun, understand your shooting environment, and keep it clean.

Maintenance after cleaning

Congratulations, you've successfully cleaned your firearm! But wait, there's more. After cleaning your firearm, it's essential to perform some maintenance to keep it in top shape.

Store your firearm in a dry and cool place to avoid damage from moisture and temperature changes. Additionally, it's advisable to check your firearm periodically to ensure it still functions correctly.

Remember, regular maintenance is key to keeping your firearm in top shape and ensuring its longevity.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, maintaining a clean and well-functioning firearm is essential for safety and longevity. Regular cleaning and maintenance using the proper supplies and techniques can help prevent malfunctions and ensure your firearm performs at its best.

What is the first step in cleaning a firearm?

The first and most important step in cleaning a firearm is to make sure the firearm is unloaded. Double-check to be 100% sure - having primary gun safety rules in mind is always a top priority.

It's essential to take the time to disassemble your firearm, clean the barrel and other components, and lubricate moving parts. And don't forget to store your firearm properly and perform regular maintenance checks after cleaning.

With the right tools and a little bit of effort, you can keep your firearm in top shape!

2 Responses

TradeSmart Safety

TradeSmart Safety

May 08, 2024

Thank you Kellee, we’re glad you found the information useful!

Kellee DeSoto

Kellee DeSoto

April 10, 2024

Very good information.

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